Coding Ireland STEM Report 2024 Have Your Say
Scratch Coding Basics
60 mins
145 points
What you need:

Getting Started with Scratch

Welcome to Scratch! In this lesson, you'll familiarize yourself with the Scratch project editor and create your first simple animation project.
Learning Goals Learning Outcomes Teacher Notes

1 - Accessing Scratch

Visit the Scratch website at Click on 'Create' at the top of the page to start a new project.

2 - Exploring the Interface

Welcome to the Scratch interface! This is the space where you'll be creating your projects. Let's take a closer look at each part of it.

On the right side of the screen, you'll see the 'Stage'. This is where your animation or game will come to life. You'll see your sprites (characters or objects) move, interact, and perform actions here. You can also change the backdrop of the stage to set the scene for your project.

On the left side of the screen, you'll find the 'Blocks Palette'. This is where all the coding happens. The blocks are color-coded and categorized based on their functions. For example, motion blocks are blue, looks blocks are purple, and so on. You can drag and drop these blocks into the workspace to control your sprites.

The center of the screen is your 'Workspace'. This is where you'll drag and drop blocks from the Blocks Palette to build your scripts (sets of instructions for your sprites). You can snap these blocks together like puzzle pieces to create sequences of actions.

At the bottom, you'll find the 'Sprites List'. Here, you can add, delete, or edit sprites for your project. You can choose sprites from the Scratch library or create your own.

Now that you're familiar with the interface, let's start creating!

3 - Delete the cat sprite

When you start a new Scratch project, the Cat sprite is added by default. We won't be using it for this lesson so click on the Trash icon of the Cat sprite in the Sprites List.

4 - Adding a Sprite

Start by clicking on the 'Choose a Sprite' button, located below the stage on the right. This will open the Scratch sprite library.

Browse through the available options and select a sprite that you like. Once you click on it, the sprite will appear on your stage, ready for you to animate in the next steps.

5 - Animating the Sprite

Let's make your sprite move! Drag the

when green flag clicked

block onto the workspace. Then, attach the

move (10) steps

block to it. Click the green flag above the stage to see your sprite move!

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Copyright Notice
This lesson is copyright of Coding Ireland. Unauthorised use, copying or distribution is not allowed.

Scratch is developed by the Lifelong Kindergarten Group at the MIT Media Lab. It is available for free at
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